What Is Joint Replacement Surgery?

Dr. Yashwant Gade runs his own setup Gade Hospital, He is a Joint Replacement Surgeon In Aurangabad. Joint replacement surgery is removing damaged joint and putting in a new one. A joint is where two or more bones come together, like the knee, hip, and shoulder. The surgery is usually done by a doctor.

Several conditions can cause joint pain and disability & lead patients to consider joint replacement surgery. In many cases, joint pain is caused by damage to the cartilage that lines the ends of the bones either from arthritis, a fracture, or another condition. In a normal joint, the joint surface is covered by a smooth articular surface that allows for smooth movement within the joint, whereas in arthritic joint the cartilage is gradually worn out causing the articular ends of the bones to rub against one another leading to pain and restricted range of motion.

Types of Joint Replacement

Joint Replacement Surgeon In Aurangabad

TOTAL KNEE REPLACEMENT

The knee is the larger joint in the body, and having healthy knees is crucial for performing everyday activities like walking. It’s comprised of the low end of the femur, the top end of the tibia, and the patella, which is also known as the kneecap. The knee can become severely damaged by an injury or arthritis, making it impossible to complete regular activities.In a total knee replacement, the surgeon will cut out the damaged cartilage area at the ends of the femur and tibia, and then change them with metal components to provide new surfaces inside the joint. A spacer is also inserted between the metal components to allow the joint to glide smoothly.

TOTAL HIP REPLACEMENT

In a total hip replacement (also called total hip arthroplasty), the damaged bone and cartilage is removed and replaced with prosthetic components.
The damaged femoral head is removed and replaced with a metal stem that is placed into the hollow center of the femur. The femoral stem may be either cemented or “press fit” into the bone.
A metal or ceramic ball is placed on the upper part of the stem. This ball replaces the damaged femoral head that was removed.
The damaged cartilage surface of the socket (acetabulum) is removed and replaced with a metal socket. Screws or cement are sometimes used to hold the socket in place.
A plastic, ceramic, or metal spacer is inserted between the new ball and the socket to allow for a smooth gliding surface.

Joint Replacement Surgeon In Aurangabad

SHOULDER JOINT REPLACEMENT

The shoulder consists of three different bones: the upper arm bone or the humerus, the shoulder blade or the scapula, and the collarbone or clavicle. The shoulder is one more example of a ball-and-socket joint, and the cartilage area of the ball and socket are supposed to glide smoothly against each other when you move your shoulder.

In shoulder replacement surgery, the damaged parts of the shoulder are removed and replaced with artificial components, called a prosthesis.

The treatment options are either replacement of just the head of the humerus bone (ball), or replacement of both the ball and the socket (glenoid).

What Happens During Surgery?

First, the surgical team will give you medicine so you won’t feel pain (anesthesia). The medicine may block the pain only in one part of the body (regional), or it may put your whole body to sleep (general). The team will then replace the damaged joint with a prosthesis.

Each surgery is different. How long it takes depends on how badly the joint is damaged and how the surgery is done. To replace a knee or a hip takes about 2 hours or less unless there are complicating factors. After surgery, you will be moved to a recovery room for 1 to 2 hours until you are fully awake or the numbness goes away.

Joint Replacement Surgeon In Aurangabad